The INCS 2011 conference will focus on how the nineteenth century conceived of and constructed nature and the relation of human beings to it. How did the nineteenth century speak of and for nature?

Queen Victoria and Prince Albert

The INCS conference for 2011 will be hosted by Pitzer College in Claremont, California. Unless otherwise noted on the program, all paper presentations and keynote lectures will take place on the Pitzer campus. Pitzer College is a member of the Claremont Colleges, located at the base of the San Gabriel mountains, about thirty miles East of Los Angeles.

In keeping with the INCS Conference format, all papers will be posted on a password-protected website in early March so participants can read them beforehand. Instructions and link for posting papers are here.

To accommodate travel plans, all paper sessions are scheduled for Friday April 1st and Saturday April 2nd.

To accommodate travel plans and by popular request, Sunday, April 3rd is kept free. Please enjoy the dining and shopping at the Claremont Village, and our Farmer's Market on Indian Hills and Second Streets (8a.m. - 1 p.m.)


Keynote Speakers include:

James Kincaid, Aerol Arnold Professor of English at the University of Southern California
"The Laborious Construction of the Natural Child"

Harriet Ritvo, Arthur J. Conner Professor of History at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Strangers or brothers?: Animal Migration and Assimilation"

Laura Skandera Trombley, President of Pitzer College
"Nature knows no indecencies; man invents them": Mark Twain's America"

Featured Lecture
Robert Polhemus, Professor Emeritus at Stanford University, The Joseph S. Atha Professor in Humanities
"God Defying in Paint and Poetry: The "Speaking Nature" of Orozco's Prometheus and Shelley's Prometheus Unbound"

Find out more about the keynote and featured speakers.


Organizer: Sumangala Bhattacharya, Assistant Professor of English and World Literature, Pitzer College
Co-Organizer: Barri Gold, Associate Professor of English, Muhlenberg College

For More Information

For further information about this conference, please contact: For more information on INCS, see


The Conference is generously supported by the following sponsors:

  • - Pitzer College Dean of Faculty and the Campus Life Forum and Strategic Initiative Funds
  • - Routledge ABES:  Routledge Annotated Bibliography of English Studies (Routledge ABES) is a selective bibliography that provides a guide to the most significant material published in the field of literary studies each year. Records are categorised into literary periods, each overseen by an editor who is an expert in that field. Each editor manages a team of specialist contributors. Every entry contains full bibliographic details, keywords and a detailed annotation with critical comments. Routledge ABES is an authoritative guide to the ‘must-have’ material and is an indispensable tool for any English department or university library.  Register for a free trial or find out more about becoming a contributor at
  • - Interdisciplinary Nineteenth Century Studies (INCS)

The conference gratefully acknowledges the assistance of the Office of Information Technology, the Office of Public Relations, and Rob Fossum, Director of Special Programs and Campus Operations.

INCS 2011 Conference Student Liaison: Raquel Jakobovich (Senior)

INCS 2011 Conference Student Assistant: Anna Pan (First Year)